Founded in the 11th century, the city of Meknes gained its fame when it was made capital of Morocco under the reign of Sultan Moulay Ismail (1672 – 1727). The high defensive walls, the nine gates, the old mosques, the impressive houses of the old medina are among many of the breath taking city attractions. Quarters of the old medina are divided according to certain crafts or trades.
Meknes also has one of the oldest Jewish areas in Africa that is still preserved until today. It is a city surrounded with fertile lands and known for its olives, fruits, vineyards, and gastronomy, which is a combination of Arab, Amazigh, African, and European cuisines. In 1996, Meknes was classified as a Universal Heritage of the Humanity by the UNESCO and is considered the safest city in Morocco.